To find the location of Kalasan temple is not difficult. From highway Yogya – Solo, about 14 km east of Yogyakarta, the temple in the south of the road would have seen. Just need to enter the narrow street about 50 m, we have entered the temple complex that administratively into the territory Kalibening, Tirtomartani, Kalasan, Sleman, Yogyakarta.
Based on the inscription dated 700 Çaka, known background Kalasan establishment of this temple is the demand for teachers of Maharaja Tejahpurana to build shrine to the goddess Tara. As a form of offering to the goddess, the temple design course was designed following the best possible material. But Kalasan temple which was built around the year 778 AD was also not lost with age. Now, the building was not Kalasan temple whole again as before, although this temple was never restored by the Dutch in the year 1927 to 1929. Nevertheless, some privileges Kalasan temple other than the temple still we can see. Among them, the temple walls are coated bajralepa stucco coating the outer side of the building which gives effect to the Diding golden temple. Based on laboratory analysis bajralepa element consists of quartz sand (30%), calcite (40%), kalkopirit (25%) and clay (5%). Also on the east side Kalasan temple, right in front of the stairs inside, we can find the rare stone board which forms nearly half circle. Stone monolith is also often called the stone-month or moonstone.
At each entrance are still intact, both north and south are the chief ornament of that special time, namely on the crest there are flower buds, leaves and tendrils. In the upper jaw there is a lion ornaments on either side, the top of the tree decorated deity in heaven, and also painting inscribed with the inhabitants of heaven clouds play sounds. Similarly, other niches also found time series and makara. In the upper body of the temple there is a cube-shaped building which is regarded as the peak of Mount Meru and the surrounding there are stupas depicting a mountain peak.
This temple has a central chamber where there is a throne made of stone that has a pedestal and a back that was flanked on either side by ornamental lion standing on an elephant. In between the roof and body ornament of the temple there gana (a kind of heaven being stunted). The roof of the temple and the octagonal two-story. On each side of the first level there is a statue of Buddha which describes the human Buddha, while the second level described Dyani Buddha. The top of the temple is estimated to be a stupa but until now could not be reconstructed because many of the original stone was missing. Around the temple there Kalasan stupas totaling 52 pieces. But unfortunately these stupas also nothing can be restored back to the same reason. When found, these stupas consists of 81 pieces of stone coffin. Inside the sarcophagus saved some pottery of bronze or clay, containing ashes, clothing of religious leaders, beads, gold plate that read as well as a bronze bell that is currently stored at the Museum Sonobudoyo.
To enter the main chamber should be mounted Kalasan temple of stone temple now has an irregular structure that need to be careful. The shape of the temple which is not whole anymore obvious from the west side. Original rock constituent bodies such as the collapse of the temple that now form half Kalasan temple can be said as a cube.
Operational hours : 6 AM - 6 PM
Entrance fee : Rp. 2,000
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